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当前位置:家教网首页 > 长沙家教网 > 中考资讯 > 中考英语作文;常出现的十种错误及范文

中考英语作文;常出现的十种错误及范文

【来源:易教网 点击数:1389 更新时间:2015-02-11

  一篇优秀的英语作文在内容和语言两方面应是一个统一体,任何一方面的欠缺都会直接影响到作文的质量。本文整理了中考作文常出现的的是个错误,以及部分优秀作文范文。

  第一:中考作文常出现的错误

  1. 审题不清

  如2014年一篇中考真题作文要求写一项最喜欢的课外活动,有些考生将作文的主题定位为“我最喜欢的活动”,偏离了“一项、课外活动”这一主题。依据作文的评分原则,若文章内容不切题,则不管语言如何规范、用词如何准确,都会被判为零分。

  2.拼写错误

  拼写是考生应该具备的最起码的基本功,但在考生的作文中却经常能发现很多拼写错误。有拼写错误的作文肯定会被酌情扣分,而且有大量拼写错误存在的作文不仅体现出语言基本功差,同时也直接影响内容的表达,通常会降低作文的档次。

  3.名词单复数问题

  误 my father and my mother is all teacher。

  正 my father and my mother are both teachers。

  4.缺少动词

  在汉语中没有动词的句子是允许的,但英语中每个完整的句子都必须有 动词来构成,如:“我累了。”这个句子没有动词作谓语,而用形容词,但英语形容词不能作谓语,一定要写成:i'm tired。

  误 i happy i can come to beijing zoo。

  正 i am happy i can come to beijing zoo。

  误 the apples cheap. i'll take some。

  正 the apples are cheap. i'll take some。

  5.缺少介词、冠词等

  还有一些考生因为没有熟练掌握介词或者冠词的用法,不了解中英文语言习惯的不同,也会出现明显的错误,造成丢分现象。

  误 because heavy rain we can't hold the sports meeting。

  正 because of the heavy rain we can't hold the sports meeting。

  6.代词的误用

  英语中代词的形式很多,包括主格、宾格、物主代词、反身代词等。而汉语中没有主格和宾格、形容词性物主代词和名次性物主代词之分;此外汉语中很多时候不用物主代词,而英语中物主代词是不可省略的,代词的误用是考生最容易发生的错误。

  误 i mother and i went to the shop to buy a present for i father。

  正 my mother and i went to the shop to buy a present for my father。

  7.句子不完整

  有的考生因为对句子结构认识模糊,所以出现只写半句的现象,这也是造成失分的原因之一。

  误 many students have a hard time passing all the tests to get into college. for example, my friend in high school。

  (这段文章的第二句话没有动词,他不能独立构成一个句子。这是一个非常常见的错误,修改的方法是将两个句子连接起来。)

  正 many students have a hard time passing all the tests to get into college, for example, my friend in high school。

  8.前后不一致

  所谓不一致,包括数的不一致、时态不一致及代词不一致、主谓不一致等。

  例1. when one have knowledge, he can do what he want to do。

  (人一旦有了知识,他就能想干什么就干什么。)

  剖析:one是单数第三人称,因而本句的have应改为has ;同理,want应改为wants。本句是典型的主谓不一致。

  改为 when one has knowledge , he can do what he wants (to do)

  9.时态、人称和数的搭配错误

  汉语动词无时态、人称和数的变化,而对英语来说,这些都至关重要。例:

  误 when i get to the station the train leave。

  正 when i got to the station the train had left。

  10.综合性错误

  综合性错误是指单词的大小写和标点符号的错误等,以及形容词和副词的混淆、连词的误用等等。这些都是靠考生平时知识的积累,所以考生应该从平时练习出发,每天坚持写英语日记,多读适合自己英语水平的原版著作,提高自己的英语素养。

  第二:优秀作文范文

  范文1:

  〖题目〗请你仔细阅读下面的招聘广告。

  Boys and girls aged 12-15.

  Are you good with children?

  Happy kids winter camp Needs help with:

  sports music computers

  Come and join us! Send your personal (个人) information to hkwc @163.com.

  假如你是李平想要应聘,请你根据招聘广告中的要求,在表格空白处至少填出两项你所能做的事情。并根据表格中的所有信息,发一封e-mail,介绍你的个人情况、兴趣爱好及能力。字数40~60。信的开头、结尾已给出

  Name——Age——School——Like——can

  Li Ping——13——No.3 Middle School——Reading,computers,Playing basketball

  Dear sir,

  I want to join your Winter Camp to help the children with sports and music.

  I think I can be good with the children and I hope to get your letter soon.

  Yours, Li Ping

  〖范文〗

  Dear sir,

  I want to join your Winter Camp to help the children with sports and music.

  My name is Li Ping I am thirteen (years old). I study / am a student in No. 1 Middle School. I like reading and playing basketball. I like computers, too. I can play football well. I can stag many English songs, And I can dance and swim. I can surf the Internet and send e-mails.

  I think I can be good with the children and I hope to get your letter soon.

  Yours,

  Li Ping

  范文2:

  〖题目〗假如你的爸爸是个医生,曾参加了2003年的非典防治工作,虽然非典已经过去了,但是他对一家人的健康仍然很重视。请你写一篇60词左右的短文,讲一下只要预防得当,疾病并不可怕。

  参考词汇:personal health个人健康      spit吐痰

  overwork使……过于疲劳    food and drink饮食

  〖范文〗

  Keeping healthy

  My father is a doctor. In 2003, he took an active part in the battle against SARS. 

  He said,“We don't have to be afraid of catching the illness. If we have good habits, we can keep the illness away.”

  My father and I like running in the morning. We keep the windows open so that the air in the room is clean and fresh. We wash our hands before meals. We have healthy food and drink. We don't spit here and there. He told us not to overwork because too much work will make us tired and make it easy to get sick. 

  范文3

  〖题目〗你的爸爸抽烟吗?请写一篇小短文描述抽烟的害处,回家后读给你的爸爸听。(60词左右)提示如下:

  1.抽烟有害健康,不能长寿;

  2.抽烟易导致疾病;

  3.抽烟还危害别人。

  〖范文〗

  Smoking and Health

  Everyone knows smoking is bad for health. People who smoke too much may not live long. Many people die from smoking each year. 

  Smoking causes many illnesses. Smokers have bad teeth. A lot of people always cough because of smoking. Smoking can easily cause lung cancer. 

  Smoking is bad for smokers, and it's also bad for women and children, too. 

  I hope all the smokers can give up smoking for themselves and also for the people around them. Let's enjoy clean air. 

  范文4

  〖题目〗有很多同学早晨上学不吃早餐,这是一个不好的习惯,对身体有很大的危害。请根据提示写一篇短文,指出不吃早餐的危害。70个词左右。

  提示:1.不吃早餐对身体有害;2.不吃早餐会影响上午听课。

  〖范文1〗

  Every morning we have to go to school very early, so many of us don't have breakfast. It's very bad for our health. In the morning we usually have four classes. It's a long time before lunch. If we don't eat anything for breakfast, we may feel hungry and we can't listen to the teacher carefully. We need energy very much while we are growing. I really think that we should have a good breakfast.

  〖范文2〗

  How to keep healthy

  If we want to keep our bodies healthy, we must have a good habit. We should get up and go to bed early and sleep at least eight hours every day. Do more exercise, such as walking, swimming, playing balls and so on. We should also eat healthy food——more fruit and vegetables and less meat. If you don't feel well, you'd better see a doctor at once. And we should wash our hands before meals and drink enough boiled water every day. It's necessary for our health. 

  We should not throw litter about, keep long fingernails and smoke etc. It's also very important. 

  范文5:

  〖题目〗中秋节的英语作文-The Mid-Autumn Festival

  〖范文〗

  The Mid-Autumn Festival

  The Mid-Autumn is a very important Chinese festival. It falls on the 15th day of August. A few days before the festival, everyone in the family will help to make the house clean and beautiful. Lanterns will be hung in front of the house.

  On the evening there will be a big family dinner. People who work far away from their homes will try to come back for the union. After dinner, people will light the lanterns which are usually red and round. Children will play with their own toy lanterns happily.

  At night the moon is usually round and bright. People can enjoy the moon while eating moon-cakes which are the special food for this festival. They can look back on the past and look forward to the future together. It is said that there was a dragon in the sky. The dragon wanted to swallow up the moon. To protect the frighten the dragon away.

  〖译文〗

  中秋节

  中秋节是中国一个很重要的节日,在八月十五号。在节日来临的前几天,家庭中的每一个人都帮着打扫房子,把房子装扮得漂漂亮亮的,灯笼挂在屋前。

  晚上有一顿美餐,离家在外工作的人也要回来团圆。晚饭后,人们点亮灯笼,一般是红色的圆灯笼。孩子们会高高兴兴地玩他们的玩具灯笼。

  晚上月亮又圆又大,人们在赏月的同时吃着中秋节特别的食品——月饼。人们在一起回顾过去,展望未来。据说天上有一条龙,它要把月亮吞下去。为了保护月亮,孩子们要弄出很大的响动把龙吓跑。

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